Monday, 13 February 2017

ROAD SAFETY A MATTER OF PUBLIC IMPORTANCE

Nowadays ,  people are always in a hurry to reach their destination whether it be entrepreneurs going for work or bus drivers taking student to school , young undergraduate rushing to colleges or business employee going to their workplaces. The question arises why does everybody drive in a hurry , the simplest  answer in the  all of we , you and I , leave on homes just to make our visit expected time , not early this “rush in the last home” makes thing go in haphazard manner things go in accidents , collisions and ultimately deaths. “let us beware”
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REPORT OF INDIA:
NATIONAL ROAD TRAFFIC INJURY FATALITY RATE According to official statistics 141,526 persons were killed and 477,731 injured in road traffic crashes in India in 2014 (NCRB, 2015). However, this is probably an underestimate, as not all injuries are reported to the police (Gururaj, G., 2006, Mohan, D. et al., 2009). The actual numbers of injuries requiring hospital visits may be 2,000,000-3,000,000 persons. The basis for these estimates is given in later section. The situation in India is worsening and road traffic injuries (RTI) have been increasing over the past twenty years . This may be partly due to the increase in number of vehicles on the road but mainly due to the absence of coordinated evidence-based policy to control the problem. These data show that the number of fatalities has continued to increase at about seven per cent a year over the past decade except over the last couple of years.
Tamil Naidu records the highest road accidents for a decade and its capital Chennai has more accident than any other city

In New Delhi, the capital of India, the frequency of traffic collisions is 40 times higher than the rate in London, the capital of the United Kingdom.[3]
Maharashtra has always highest number of accidents compared to all other states of of India. According to a report Maharashtra had 71550 accidents motor vehicle accidents in year 2000 as per the "IndianStat report - Number of Motor Vehicle Accident In India 1998-2000(State wise)".[1]
Traffic collision-related deaths increased from 13 per hour in 2008 to 14 per hour in 2009. More than 40 per cent of these casualties are associated with motorcycles and trucks. The most accident-prone time on Indian roads is during the peak hour at afternoon and evening.[1]
According to road traffic safety experts, the actual number of casualties may be higher than what is documented, as many traffic accidents go unreported. Moreover, victims who die some time after the accident, a span of time which may vary from a few hours to several days, are not counted as car accident victims.[1]
In 2015, one person dies every 4 minutes in roads accidents in India, according to NGO 'Indians for Road Safety'.[2]
India stands out miserably in the latest World Health Organisation's (WHO) "Global Road Safety Report-2015" with an
This shows we are still a victim of road accidents.
ROAD SAFETY POLICIES IN INDIA
Road safety is emerging as a major social concern in the country and Indian government tackles this crucial issue for several years. The Road Transport and Safety Bill 2014 should provide a framework for safer, faster, cost-effective and inclusive movement of passengers and freight in India. In July 2015, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said his government will soon introduce laws to enhance road safety as traffic fatalities and injuries mount. A new Road Transport and Safety Bill is under preparation and a group of experts underlined the "urgent" need of a comprehensive national road safety legislation.
Embarq India, an initiative from the World Resources Institute (WRI),] has developed significant expertise in conducting road safety audits on a number of bus rapid transit systems in India. Arrive SAFE is a NGO who works as a pressure group to give a wake-up call to authorities concerned and shake the bad driving habits of Indian people. Indian driving schools focuses on youth to enhance the art and skill of efficient driving.
Many multinational companies fund NGOs as part of their own road safety initiatives:
Maruti Suzuki closely works with Ministry of Tribal Development in Gujarat to train young people in driving.
Michelin, co-founder of the Global Road Safety Initiatives (GRSI), has established, in India, an innovative partnership with the foundation of PVR Cinemas, PVR Nest as part of its CineArt "Steer to Safety" program to educate and empower children about road safety. Through this platform, children learn how to prevent and/or manage in emergency situations on Indian roads.
Henkel has launched a road safety initiative in an effort to address the topical issue of safety standards on the road in India
HOW YOUTH CAN CONTRIBUTE:
  • Passenger restraints such as seat belts — often in conjunction with laws requiring their use — and airbags
  • Crash avoidance equipment such as lights and reflectors
  • Driver assistance systems such as Electronic Stability Control
  • Crash survivability design including fire-retardant interior materials, standards for fuel system integrity, and the use of safety glass
  • Speed control in urban areas: maximum speed limits of 50 km/h on arterial roads need to be enforced by road design and police monitoring, and 30 km/h in residential areas and by judicious use of speed-breakers, dead-end streets and mini roundabouts
  • Pedestrian safety regulations for cars to be notified.
  • Youth can also organize awareness campaign:
  • Street Skills : Help teenagers who don't yet have license to become more responsible drivers

“ ALERT TODAY ALIVE TOMORROW“
Bhuvesh Shokeen

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